##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Abstract

This article will explain in a descriptive-analytical manner the early development of Sufism or Sufism in the Turkish region, especially in Anatolia in the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries. This study uses historical research by tracing various sources, including books, journals and articles on Sufism and Sufism in Turkey in the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries. The result is that the majority of Sufis and Sufi groups or tarekat originate from Central Asia and Khurasan or Persia. Initially Islam or in this case Sufism and Sufism were spread through individuals, who were usually called by dede, baba, sheikh, mursidorthe bridge, who preached Islam to the lower classes of society. Then, when entering the early fourteenth century, various groups of tarekat entered, which also originated or had their origins in Central Asia or Persia. Apart from that, this article also explains the influence of one of the great Sufis, Ibn Arabi, in the Ottoman Empire in particular. Where his teachings, works and figures were highly valued and appreciated in the Ottoman Empire by the sultans and Ottoman scholars at that time.



Artikel ini menjelaskan secara deskriptif-analitis tentang perkembangan awal tasawuf atau sufisme di wilayah Turki, khususnya di Anatolia pada abad ketigabelas hingga keenambelas. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian sejarah dengan melacak berbagai sumber baik buku, jurnal dan artikel mengenai sufisme dan tasawuf di Turki abad ketigabelas hingga keenambelas. Hasilnya adalah bahwa mayoritas sufi dan kelompok sufi atau tarekat berasal dari Asia Tengah dan Khurasan atau Persia. Awalnya Islam atau dalam hal ini tasawuf dan sufisme disebarkan melalaui perseorangan, yang biasanya dipanggil dengan dede, baba, syekh, mursid atau pir, yang mendakwahkan Islam kepada masyarakat kelas bawah. Lalu ketika memasuki awal abad keempatbelas masuk berbagai kelompok macam tarekat yang juga berasal atau mempunyai asal usul dari wilayah Asia Tengah atau Persia. Selain itu, di artikel ini juga dijelaskan pengaruh salah satu sufi besar Ibn Arabi di kerajaan Ottoman secara khusus. Di mana ajaran, karya-karyanya hingga sosoknya sangat dihargai dan diapresiasi di kerajaan Ottoman oleh para sultan dan para ulama Ottoman pada saat itu.

Keywords

Sufism Tasawuf Ottoman Anatolia Ibn Arabi

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Rizal, F. (2023). Mengislamkan Turki: Peradaban Tasawuf di Turki-Ottoman Abad ke 13-16. Khazanah: Jurnal Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Islam, 13(1), 17–34. Retrieved from https://rjfahuinib.org/index.php/khazanah/article/view/953

##journal.references##

  1. Bibliography
  2. Aflaki, S. a.-D.-e. (2002). Manaqeb al-Arifin, terj. John O'Kane. Leiden: Brill.
  3. Ay, R. (2013). Sufi Shaykhs And Society In Thirteenth And Fifteenth Century Anatolia: Spiritual Influence And Rivalry. Journal of Islamic Studies , Vol. 24, No. 1 , 1-24.
  4. Chittick, W. C. (2004). Ibn Al-Arabi (1165-1240). In R. C. Martin, Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. New York: Macmillan Reference.
  5. Curry, J. J. (2021). Sufism in the Ottoman Empire. In L. Ridgeon, Routledge Handbook On Sufism. New York: Routledge.
  6. Curry, J. J. (2010). The Transformation Of Muslim Mystical Thought In The Ottoman Empire The Rise Of The Halveti Order, 1350–1650. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  7. Ewing, K. P., & Gerbakher, I. (2021). The Qalandariyya from the mosque to the ruin in poetry, place, and practice. In L. Ridgeon, Routledge Handbook On Sufism. New York : Routledge.
  8. Gall, D. L. (2005). A Culture of Sufism: Naqshbandis in the Ottoman World, 1450-1700. Albany: State University of New York.
  9. Hirtenstein, S. (1997). The Unlimited Mercifier The spiritual life and thought of Ibn Arabi. Oxford: Anqa Publishing.
  10. Inalcik, H. (1973). The Ottoman Empire The Classical Age 1300-1600. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  11. Karamustafa, A. T. (1999). Early Sufism in Eastern Anatolia. In L. Lewisohn, The Heritage of Sufism Vol. 1 Classical Persian Sufism from its Origins to Rumi. Oxford: Oneworld Publications.
  12. Karamustafa, A. T. (1994). God's Unruly Friends: Dervish Groups In The Islamic Later Middle Period 1200-1550. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  13. Knysh, A. (2000). Islamic Mysticism A Short History. Leiden: Brill.
  14. Köprülü, M. F. (2006). Early Mystics In Turkish Literature. New York: Routledge.
  15. Lewis, F. D. (2000). Rumi Past and Present, East and West, The Life, Teaching and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi. Oxford: Oneworld.
  16. Mahendra, F. R. (2021). Islamisme Turki: Kaum Tarekat dan Kebangkitan Islam-Politik Republik Turki. Politea , 156-173.
  17. Moosa, M. (1988). Extremist Shiites The Ghulat Sects . New York: Syracause University Press.
  18. Nasr, S. H. (1976). Three Muslim Sages, Avicenna, Suhrawardi, Ibn 'Arabi. New York: Caravan Books.
  19. Ocak, A. Y. (2009). Social, cultural and intellectual life, 1071–1453. In K. Fleet, The Cambridge History of Turkey Vol. 1 Byzantium to Turkey, 1071–1453. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  20. Özdemir, A., & Frank, K. (2000). Visible Islam in Modern Turkey . London: Macmillan Press.
  21. Schimmel, A. (1975). Mystical Dimensions of Islam. University of North Carolina Press: University of North Carolina Press.
  22. Silverstein, B. (2011). Islam and Modernity in Turkey. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  23. Sjamsuddin, H. (2012). Metodologi Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Ombak.
  24. Trimingham, J. S. (1973). The Sufi Orders in Islam. Oxfrod: Oxford University Press.
  25. Weismann, I. (2007). The Naqshbandiyya Orthodoxy and activism in a worldwide Sufi tradition. New York: Routledge.