Despite being a minority, Panamanian Muslims have the longest historical history of any Central American region. Based on this, this article aims to explain the process of the entry of Islam into Panama, and explain how the development of da'wah civilization and the Muslim community in Panama, especially after the construction of the Panama Canal mega project. This type of research is qualitative research using historical research methods, with the following steps: 1) Heuristics or source collection through library research; 2) Source Criticism, namely comparison activities and selecting the validity of sources; 3) This interpretation or analysis stage has occurred either at the beginning of the research or during the post-research analysis process; 4) historiography or the last stage of this research in the form of historical scientific writings. The results of the study show that Islam entered Panam through Mandika slaves brought during the Spanish colonization there, but the development of Islamic da'wah only began to be intense during and after the construction of the canal, this da'wah was intensively carried out by Arab and South Asian immigrants, and reached its peak in 1850-1860's. Panama's constitution provides for religious freedom. Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, and several traditional Panamanian religions coexist in harmony. So far, Panama has given a positive picture of the Central America region which is very conducive and open to religious differences, especially in Islam.


Central America Minority Muslim Panam


How to Cite
Pratama, F. S. P. (2022). MINORITAS MUSLIM PANAMA: MENUJU HARMONI KEBERAGAMAN PASCA PROYEK KANAL PANAMA. Khazanah: Jurnal Sejarah Dan Kebudayaan Islam, 12(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.15548/khazanah.v12i1.501


  1. Sumber Buku
  2. Ali, Abdulrahim, Iba Der Thiam, Yusof A. Taleb, The Different Aspects of Islamic Culture, Volume Six Islam in The World Today, Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 2016.
  3. Bowker, John, Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  4. Brill, Eerdsman Brill, The Encyclopedia of Christianity Vol. 4, Michigan: Green Rapids Michigan, 2005
  5. Gottschalk, Louis, Mengerti Sejarah, Terjemahan Nugroho Notosusanto, Jakarta: UI Press, 1986.
  6. Hinman, Bonnie, We Visit Panama, Panama City: Mitchell Lane Publishers, 2011.
  7. Marshall Cavendish Reference, Modern Muslim Societies, New York: Marshall Cavendish Reference, 2011.
  8. Neumann, Vanessa, Blood Profits: How American Consumers Unwittingly Fund Terrorists, London: St. Martin Press, 2017.
  9. Seales Soley, La Verne M., Culture and Customs of Panama, California: Greenwood Press, 2018.
  10. Svanberg, Ingvar & David Westerlun, Islam Outside The Arab World, London: Routledge, 2002.
  11. Tim Republika, Muslim di Amerika dan China, Jakarta: Penerbit Republika, 2013.
  12. Tottoli, Roberto, Routledge Handbook of Islam in the West, London: Taylor & Francis, 2014.
  13. Sumber Jurnal
  14. Akbar, Hikmatul & Kartina Dwi Aprila, “Minoritas Islam dalam Politik Amerika Latin”, Jurnal Paradigma Vol 19, No 1 Maret 2015.
  15. Sumber Internet
  16. Jamil, Ahmad Islamy, Republika.co.id. “Rakyat Pribumi Panama Ramai-Ramai Peluk Islam”.
  17. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/islam-mancanegara/14/01/25/mzxqzr-rakyat-pribumi-panama-ramairamai-peluk-islam. (Diakses pada 25 September 2021 pukul 19:15 WIB).
  18. KBRI Panama, Kementrian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. “Tingkatkan Hubungan dengan Para Pemimpin Agama di Panama, Dubes RI Kunjungi Uskup Agung Katolik Panama”.
  19. https://kemlu.go.id/portal/id/read/2870/berita/tingkatkan-hubungan-dengan-para-pemimpin-agama-di-panama-dubes-ri-kunjungi-uskup-agung-katolik-panama (Diakses pada 25 September 2021 pukul 23:20 WIB).
  20. Sakinah, Kiki. Republika.co.id. “Komunitas Muslim Hidup Damai di Panama”.
  21. https://republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/dunia/19/01/24/pltu3s313-komunitas-muslim-hidup-damai-di-panama (Diakses pada 26 September 2021 pukul 10:30 WIB).
  22. Syafruddin El Fikri. Republika.co.id. “Banyak Penduduk Asli Panama yang Memeluk Islam”.
  23. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/oopbw7313/banyak-penduduk-asli-panama-yang-memeluk-islam (Diakses pada 26 September 2021 pukul 17:21 WIB).
  24. U.S. Departement of State. International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. “Panama”.
  25. https://2009-2017.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2007/90262.htm (Diakses pada 25 September 2021 pukul 19:40 WIB).