Main Article Content


This paper discusses the opportunities and challenges of trade in the rantau Pariaman area during the XIX century because this area was once known as a successful trading community that cannot be matched by its current society. The method used is historical research methods with data techniques through literature study. The success that was obtained was due to the fact that in the region's position it was an important route for world trade, the people were also able to take advantage of opportunities that could facilitate and facilitate them to achieve success during the colonial period. An elite group consisting of village officials and traditional leaders in the Netherlands as regulators in running the government. In addition, the people were able to make local products such as sea fish, salt, and coconut products that were very popular at that time. If viewed from the conditions at that time there were not a few challenges in the community in carrying out trading activities. The condition of the government was not friendly to the interests of the lower class people which resulted in frequent riots with the Dutch, because the people were not satisfied with the Dutch actions that always interfered in their affairs. In addition, the development of transportation tools such as trains and sailboats has made the Pariaman area market less crowded with outside traders and added to the absence of regeneration that can pass on the trade knowledge so that there is no more professional next generation of traders.


Pariaman Trades Opportunities and challenges

Article Details

How to Cite
Aisyah, S. (2020). Dinamika Perekonomian Masyarkat Minangkabau: Peluang dan Tantangan Perdagangan di Daerah Rantau Pariaman Abad XIX. Khazanah, 10(2), 165-176.


  1. Graves, Elizabeth E. (Terj) Asal Usul Elit Minangkabau Modern-Respons Terhadap Kolonial Belanda Abad XIX/XX, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor, Indonesia, 2007
  2. Latief, Ch. N., Etnis dan Adat Minangkabau, Permasalahan dan Masa Depannya, Bandung, Angkasa, 2002
  3. Lapian, Adrian B. Pelayaran dan Perniagaan Nusantara Abad ke-16 dan 17, Depok: komunitas Bambu, 2017
  4. Kato, Tsuyushi, (Terj.) Akira Nagazumi, Indonesia dalam Kajian Sarjana Jepang, Perubahan Sosial Ekonomi Abad XIX dan XX dan Berbagai Aspek Nasionalisme Indonesia, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor , 1986
  5. Masrden,William, Sejarah Sumatera, The History of Sumatra, Yogyakarta: Indoliterasi, 2016
  6. Naim, Mochtar, Merantau Pola Migrasi Suku Minangkabau, Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada. 2013
  7. Purwanto, Bambang, Ekonomi Masa Kolonial, Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam, Asia Tenggara, Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 2002
  8. Reid, Anthony, Asia Tenggara dalam Kurun Niaga 1450-1680. Jilid 1: Tanah di Bawah Angin, Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia, 2014
  9. Vanleur, J. V., Perdagangan dan Masyarakat Indonesia, Esai-Esai Tentang Sejarah Sosial dan Ekonomi Asia, Yogyakarta: Ombak. 2015
  10. Zed, Mestika Saudagar Pariaman, Menerjang Ombak Membangun Maskapai, Jakarta: Pustaka LP3S. 2017